Forts & Fortifications of Europe 1815-1945: The Central States
Germany, Austria-Hungary & Czechoslovakia
J E Kaufmann, H W Kaufmann
After the Napoleonic Wars the borders of Central Europe were redrawn and relative peace endured across the region, but the volatile politics of the late nineteenth century generated an atmosphere of fear and distrust, and it gave rise to a new era of fortress building, and this is the subject of this highly illustrated new study. The authors describe how defensive lines and structures on a massive scale were constructed along national frontiers to deter aggression.